Surprising history of ice in America

Until 200 years ago, ice was just a secondary and unfortunate winter effect. But in the early 1800s a man saw an opportunity to produce money with frozen ponds. On his name Fredeic Tudor, he not only introduced the cold drinks to the world in the middle of hot summer days but created a necessity that no one ever realized.


In 1805, two wealthy brothers from Boston were at a picnic, enjoying the rare luxuries of cold and frozen drinks. They were joking about how cold drinks would envy the envy of colonists who support the warm climate of the West Indies. These remarks have remained in the minds of one of Frederic Tudor's brothers and 30 years later he will send nearly 12,000 tons of ice crossing half the globe and become the "King of Ice."

Nothing in the early years of Tudor indicated that he would invent an industry. His family's opportunities allowed him to get to Harvard, but he dropped out of school at age 13. After losing his time several years, he retired to his country's home country, hunting, fishing and playing the farmer. When his brother William suggested he should pick up the ice from the lakes on their properties and sell it in the West Indies, Tudor took this suggestion seriously, having no better thing to do.

Frederic convinced William to join him in a project to send the ice from New England to the Caribbean. Tudor believed that once people try the ice they will no longer be able to live without. Over the next six months, the two brothers planned to transport their product to the French island of Martinique, where they hoped they would have an ice monopoly.

But no one thought this idea would work. Moreover, no ship in Boston wanted to transport such an unusual cargo, and Frederic spent about $ 5,000 (an important amount at that time) to buy his own ship. On Feb. 10, 1806, the newspaper "Boston Gazette" titrated: "A ship with a load of 80 tons of ice leaves from the port to Martinique. It's not a joke!"

Although the ice reached Martinique in good conditions, nobody wanted to buy it. Tudor desperately explains how cold ice blocks could be used to combat the suffocating caliber of the Caribbean, but islanders were not convinced.

After this unfortunate start, Wiliam came out of this partnership. Next Spring Frederic remained alone in the business. Remarkably, he has earned enough money to send a new ice transport to India. But when an economic embargo has isolated much of the Caribbean, Frederic has remained out of the market. Meanwhile, the Tudor family's wealth has diminished as a result of unfortunate real estate business in southern Boston.

Despite financial problems, Frederic has persisted and his ice business has begun to profit in 1810. But a number of circumstances, including war, weather, and family issues have prevented his business. Until 1813 Frederic arrived in the debtor's prison three times, and spent the rest of his time hiding from the sheriff.


Perhaps it was the spirit of an American entrepreneur, or perhaps even an anger, but Tudor was obsessed with the idea that the ice would make him rich. Over the next decade, he developed new intelligent techniques to convince people that they really needed ice, including the method of giving samples free of charge. While he was in his home in South Carolina in 1819, Tudor had made a habit of bringing and serving ice and cold beverages. His guests, even though they laughed at the beginning of this habit, after having tasted cold drinks, inevitably fell in love with the ice.

Tudor traveled all over the country and convinced bars to serve cold beverages at the same price as regular drinks to see which are more popular. He also shared with restaurants how to make ice cream, and visited hospitals to persuade doctors that ice is the best way to fight fever. The truth is that people did not need ice until Tudor persuaded her to try it, but once this step did no one gave up the ice.

In 1821, Tudor's business grew. He had created real ice demand in Savannah, Charleston, New Orleans, and even Havana, but he still had to improve his operations. In the scene Nathaniel Wyeth enters an innovator who became the right hand of Tudor in 1826. He improved the process of harvesting ice from the lakes using plows drawn by horses to cut ice. It also automates the harvesting and storage process, the ice blocks, once separated, floated on some special canals up to a conveyor belt leading them to the special storage area, namely glacier. In these glaciers the ice blocks were placed one above the other at a height of 25 meters.

Even so only one-tenth of the harvested ice was getting sold. What's worse, the entire "production" process was unsafe and dangerous, ice blocks over 120 kg could easily slip and injure the workers.

Despite these shortcomings, Wyeth's ingenious methods have been a major improvement in previous harvesting techniques. With the inventor on his side Tudor has imposed himself


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